Platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy has gained a great deal of attention in recent years, as medical professionals believe in its ability to both support and speed healing. But what exactly does platelet rich plasma therapy do?
PRP is used to hasten healing. The plasma is simple to prepare. A sample of the patient’s own blood is spun in a centrifuge to isolate the platelets and then the concentrated platelet rich plasma is injected or applied at the injury or surgery site. The idea is to stimulate the healing process right where it’s needed most.
There is little risk of rejection or allergic reaction, because PRP is made from the patient’s own blood.
Platelet Rich Plasma – How does it work?
Platelets are one of the components of blood. Their primary role is clotting, one of the key factors in the healing process of tissue repair and regeneration. Along with a concentration of platelets, the PRP contains a number of different growth factors used by the body to promote soft tissue and bone healing.
The human body responds to injury by increasing blood supply to the site, delivering platelets that release growth factors such as serotonin, thromboxane, and adenosine to start the healing process. They also help promote coagulation and stimulate formation of fibrin.
When platelet rich plasma is injected or applied, it releases these same growth factors. In turn, the growth factors trigger production of local progenitor cells and movement of inflammatory cells into the area. Because these are the body’s natural responses to injury, adding PRP treatment fuels the healing process.
Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is an extract of your own blood that contains three to five times more platelets, growth factors, and active proteins for tissue repair and injury healing. When PRP is placed back into the skin by injection or micro-needling, it releases growth factors and initiates a localized stem cell response. Over the weeks and months following treatment, this stem cell response recruits collagen-producing cells called fibroblasts. The fibroblasts replace tissue that has been damaged or lost through the aging process with healthy skin that looks refreshed and rejuvenated.
Treatment of PRP
The potential benefits of PRP have led to a recent widespread interest in its use for anti-aging and regenerative purposes. The healing properties of the blood components in PRP and stem cells can be used as a cosmetic treatment for the following:
- Reducing fine lines and wrinkles
- Tightening and toning skin
- Mild collagen and volume loss
- Crow’s feet and dark under eye circles
- Acne scarring
Within a few weeks of treatment, an overall improvement in skin hydration, texture and tone can be seen. New collagen and blood vessels begin to grow after three to six weeks, and reduction of fine lines and wrinkles and volume correction happens over the next three to six months. The effects of Cosmetic PRP can last 12 months to two years, depending on the individual. For women looking for an immediate effect, Cosmetic PRP can be combined with hyaluronic acid fillers for quick volume correction. Fillers provide a matrix for building new collagen and can be used to accelerate and sustain the benefits of Cosmetic PRP.
Immediately after the treatment you may experience redness, swelling and minimal pain in the area that is treated, which generally disappears in a few hours, and entirety in a few days. Most clients return to their usual activities immediately after treatment.
PRP and stem cell rejuvenation is a simple and safe treatment. Since the PRP is drawn from your blood, there is no possibility of transmitting diseases, allergy or immune reactions. PRP therapy is not applicable in the case of platelet dysfunction, critical thrombocytopenia, hemodynamic instability, autoimmune disease, sepsis, acute and chronic diseases, pregnancy, chronic liver disease and anticoagulant therapy.